Monday, November 16, 2009

Bhanu bhakta acharaya

Bhanu bhakta acharay did as great a work as that of prithivi narayan shah who conslidated the small states and formes a big nation . He devloped the common language of the people and helped to provide a strong literary foundation of nepali language . He was born in 1871 B.S. in Tanahun district at Rangha . He studied under the guidance of his grandfather , Shri krisna acharaya who was a sanskrit scholor.
Once, he happened to meet a grass-cutter who was called sete . Sete told him that he had a plan to dig a well in the village to provide water for villagers from his earning of grass-cutting .He was inspired by sete to do something good for the people .He thought that if that poor , uneducated , grass-cutter thought of posterity , why shoudn't he do something too .He resolved to translate the Ramayan into the language of the language of the common people so that everyone in his life time and also after his death might read and under stand it.
At that time, the Nepali language wasn't developed much .The educated people used to write Sanskrit . It was Bhanu bhakta who wrote poems for the first time in the language of the common people .Moreover, the religious broks written in Saskrit were not allowed to read by lowborn people but only Brahmins .When Bhanu bhkta's Ramayan was published , it was not only the Brahmins and chhetries who read it.
It also became the common possession of Magars , Gurungs ,kirates ,Newars and Tamangs who were unfamiliar with the great Hindu Epic . They all began to feel within themeselves the glory of Neapli nationality . Everyone began to took upon Ram with great respect Sita became a model of womanhood for all . Laxman became the idel brother and everyone began to dream of "Ramrajaya" . In addition to Ramayan , he wrote Ram Gita , Badhu Sikshya ,Bhakta Mala , Prasnottari and a number of short poems .
He was a patriot . With the story of Ramayan in common language , he conveyed a message to the people against the Rana regime . He showed how Ram , after a long fight with Ravana could win Sita back . Similarly , the people could get ride of the harsh rule of the Ranas if they struggle together . He was imprisoned by the Rana rulers as well . In the prison , he wrote some satirical poems against the Rana officials.
He has been called the " AdiKavi " (the first poet) of Nepali language . Although some poets like Subanada , Shakrit Ballav , Udayananda , Indirus Basunta sharma and Yadunath Pokarel had composed some beautiful poems in Nepali before Bhanu Bhakta , they didn't use words commonlyspoken by the people . They lacked originality and thus couldn't gain popularity. The works of he became so popular that even the illiterate ones began to recite his poems . Nowdays his poems are included in the course of study at all levels.
Thus, he did the pioneering work in the field of nepali language and literature , leading the way to national identity and intergration . It was Bhanu Bhakta who gave a tongue to the nepali nation when it ahd no common medium of expreession . So , we regsrd him as one of our National heroes and celebrate "Bhanu Jayanti " on Asar 29 every year to pay homage to this great pioneer .

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